Car Tyre Maintenance Tips
Car tyres are the basis for driving safety with maintenance as simple as a few steps
Car tyre maintenance is one of the most important safety aspects that every driver can responsibly, and easily, take care of in order to ensure ideal driving conditions. The effects that the actual tyres themselves will have on a person’s driving is significant with stability, the grip on the road, power usage and steering all greatly affected by the condition of the car tyres.
The first step of responsible tyre maintenance is selecting the right car tyre to begin with the main aspects to consider being the size, type and cost. Yet considering that you may already have your car tyres and simply need to maintain them, there are a number of simple and easy steps that will test the durability and safety level of a car tyre and assess if it is road worthy or not.
Perhaps the easiest indicator of the quality of a tyre is to look at its tread to see if it is balding in any spots. Basically you will want to see if there are any significant wearing patches on the tyres surface groves. This is indicative of how the tyre is hitting the road surfaces, so if it is uneven then either the wheel alignment may be out or the air pressure is off. Of course it should be noted that the tread will inevitably wear down, but you will want to be aware of it wearing down unevenly or too much, which is when a tyre needs to be replaced or rotated diagonally.
As just referred to, there is also the maintenance of air pressure that will extend the life of the average car tyre but helping it to resist the pressures of the road while keeping driving stable and steering well align. Checking air pressure is simple with every petrol station equipped with air pressure hoses to refill sagging tyres. You can look at a tyre and will be able to tell if it requires more air as it will have a sagging and flat appearance, probably resulting in your driving feeling laboured or slow with more engine power required to propel the car on flat tyres.
These two simple checks are easily carried out by a car owner at home yet there are also a few processes that mechanics are able to assist with that will extend the life of a tyre and improve vehicles driving conditions. These are tyre cambering, wheel alignment and tyre rim assembly.
Tyre cambering – this relates to where the tyres are set in relation to one another, with the ideal tyre positioning being positive camber where the wheels are set further apart at the top than at the bottom. This reduces wear on the steering, provided the chamber is kept equal on both wheels.
Wheel alignment – which is a steering wheel's tendency to return to dead centre after the driver turns a corner, therefore impacting on the tread of a tyre
Tyre rim assembly – this is a need for balancing of the tyre-rim assembly so there is minimal vibrations and similar
Car Tyre Maintenance Tips Checklist:
- Check the tread for balding or uniformity of tread pattern in all the tyres
- Air pressure is at the prescribed level as outlined in the owner’s manual. Having too high or too low air pressure will significantly impact on driving stability and the durability of the tyres. Always remember that tyre pressure needs to be checked when they are cool and not expanded from the heat of driving
- Having regular checkups of the wheel alignment
- Rotate the tyres diagonally every 5000 km to reduce excessive tread wear
- Get new inner tubing when you get a new tyre
- Check the tyres often for any materials caught in the tread groves such as rocks or glass, also clean the rim and hubcaps for any objects or materials
- Avoid heavy breaking or speeding as this will significantly reduce the life of a tyre
Car tyre maintenance is one of the easiest parts of responsible car ownership while also having dome of the biggest impact on the quality of driving a vehicle. Proper car tyre maintenance can mean the difference between safe, stable driving and skidding and inefficient fuel usage with these listed simple steps making all the difference to the life of a car tyre.